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Peat is decomposed plant material that has accumulated in anaerobic water-saturated environments, known as peatlands. Peatlands cover an estimated 3% of the Earth’s land area

Peatlands, particularly bogs, are the primary source of peat; although less-common wetlands including fenspocosins, and peat swamp forests also deposit peat.

The peat is soft and easy to compress. Pressurized water from peat, when dried it can be used as fuel. Peat is of industrial importance in countries with an important place in Estonia, Finland and Ireland. In large countries, peat has been used as a heating material. Today, peat is used as a fertilizer in crop production and as a soil additive