Peat is decomposed plant material that has accumulated in anaerobic water-saturated environments, known as peatlands. Peatlands cover an estimated 3% of the Earth’s land area.
Peatlands, particularly bogs, are the primary source of peat; although less-common wetlands including fens, pocosins, and peat swamp forests also deposit peat.
The peat is soft and easy to compress. Pressurized water from peat, when dried it can be used as fuel. Peat is of industrial importance in countries with an important place in Estonia, Finland and Ireland. In large countries, peat has been used as a heating material. Today, peat is used as a fertilizer in crop production and as a soil additive
Peat as fuel for boiler houses
Heating mill peat is peat with a higher degree of decomposition, which is produced by decomposing peat from the surface of the bog.
After drying, domination and collection take place. The heating mill is used primarily for heating in large boiler houses.
The moisture content of the heating mill is 40-50 percent and it contains an average of 2.8 MWh / t of energy.
Heating peat for private households
For heating a smaller boiler house, stove or fireplace, we recommend choosing sod peat or peat log.
- The length of the piece / desire varies up to 200 mm and the diameter is 40-80 mm.
- The calorific value of 1 ton of peat is 3.2 MWh.
- The volume of 1 ton of heating peat is 3.5 – 4 m3.
- 1 m3 of peat replaces 1.3 m3 of firewood during combustion.
Both sod peat and peat logs can be used with other solid fuels.
Milled peat has a good water capacity and the porosity necessary for the development of plant roots.
Good material for building ornamental gardens and improving the soil structure of the garden.
Suitable for building vegetable beds both in greenhouses and in the open.
- No plant diseases in milling peat
- No fertilizers added
As milled peat keeps heat well and binds moisture effectively, it is suitable for use as bedding in animal husbandry and as a binder for faecal gases in dry toilets.
Used in gardening to make a bed border and as a winter protection for frost-prone plants.
The blocks can be easily cut with a large knife or hand saw.
By digging a gap in the block and filling it with milling peat, plants that prefer acidic soil can be planted there. Block peat has a high water absorption, which, when evaporated, creates a good microclimate for plants.
Within a few years, the blocks will become mossy and decorative.